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The definition of Benchmarks is: Clear, specific descriptions of knowledge or skill that can be supported through observations, descriptions and documentations of a child's performance or behavior and by samples of child's work often used as points of reference in connection with more broadly stated content standards.

  • Typically, benchmarks link the child's behavior or performance to an age- or grade-appropriate point of reference.
  • Benchmarks are performance standards (e.g. data from previous years) against which other performances (e.g. data from the current year) are judged.
  • Performance standards and benchmarks are similar to indicators, but different in that indicators typically are used to show either incline or decline in an item under study and are often expressed as a statistic. Performance standards or benchmarks usually express upward growth in a child's knowledge or skill.


Downloadable Benchmarks Documents and Guides:

On-line link: 


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